Темы
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Почему зубы мудрости есть не у всех и когда их надо удалять?

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ТЕКСТ: Марианна Мирзоян

После обширной серии о косметологии The Blueprint расспрашивает врачей о здоровье зубов и десен и том, как оно влияет на организм.

Зубы мудрости (врачи называют их третьими молярами, или восьмыми зубами) обычно вырастают, когда человеку от 17 лет до 21 года. Но не у всех. «Зубы мудрости по сути рудимент, они достались нам от далеких предков, которые ели жесткую растительную пищу, сырое мясо, — рассказывает стоматолог-терапевт клиники Belgravia Dental Studio Татьяна Петросян. — У некоторых людей отсутствуют все четыре восьмых зуба, а у кого-то есть только нижние или верхние».

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Бывает, что зубы мудрости появляются без проблем, выстраиваются в одну линию с седьмым зубом и никак не беспокоят. Но куда чаще у них не получается правильно прорезаться и развиваться — во рту не хватает места. Это может приводить к самым разным проблемам, в том числе косметическим, поэтому, например, в Великобритании удаление зубов мудрости — одна из наиболее распространённых хирургических процедур.


«Если восьмые зубы прорезались неправильно, повреждают или смещают соседние, то обычно удаление необходимо», — говорит Татьяна Петросян. Еще коренные зубы рекомендуют удалять, если есть боль, инфекция, заболевание десен. Иногда перед ношением брекетов стоматолог-ортодонт также может посоветовать эту хирургическую процедуру, чтобы улучшить результат лечения. А вот подчеркнуть скулы таким образом не получится, предупреждает Татьяна: «Удаление восьмых зубов здесь не поможет. Есть тенденция удалять комки Биша, но это две абсолютно разные процедуры».

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Иными словами, если зубы мудрости не доставляют дискомфорта, удалять их скорее всего не потребуется. В косметических целях это и вовсе делать бессмысленно. А вот если есть боль, отек, проблемы с прикусом или зуб мудрости разрушает соседние зубы, это может быть необходимо.

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2

Почему зубы мудрости есть не у всех и когда их надо удалять?

Когда носить брекеты и капы для исправления прикуса?

Как неправильный прикус деформирует лицо?

Лучшие материалы The Blueprint
в нашем канале на Яндекс.Дзен

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